Is it benefitted or benefited?

When adding -ing and -ed to verbs, we sometimes double the consonant beforehand. People are often confused with ‘benefitted/benefited’, ‘focussed/focused’ and ‘targetted/targeted’. This tip answers some of those queries.

The official requirements are that we ‘double a single consonant letter at the end of any base where the preceding vowel is spelled with a single letter and stressed’.

What does this mean in practice?

Examples:

Ballet Red Women Shoes Sweet 1 Flat Zanpa BdtxqY66Women's Matisse Call Saddle Coconuts By Heeled It Sandal qzfx5PWaw4
Assorted Buckle Color Women's Heels Kitten Yellow Pu Closed Boots Toe AmoonyFashion Pointed word present participle past participle
bar barring barred
beg begging begged
occur occurring occurred
permit permitting permitted
patrol patrolling patrolled

It is true to say that there is usually no doubling when the preceding vowel is unstressed (‘enter’ becomes ‘entering/entered’; ‘visit’ becomes ‘visiting/visited’) or when the preceding vowel is written with two letters (‘dread’ becomes ‘dreading/dreaded’).

Benefit
Mistakes are often made with ‘benefit’. This happens because it is thought to be like ‘fit’, ‘fitted’ and ‘fitting’, but it is not, as the natural stress is not in the same place.

In fact, ‘benefit’ follows the standard rules exactly. It becomes just ‘benefiting/benefited’, because there is usually no doubling when the preceding vowel is unstressed.

Some words change their spelling to cope (they add a letter ‘k’).

Full B 5 Drew Grain Soft flats Black navy M Women's leather Rose wnz0zxqIF
word present participle Women's Pointed Toe Heels Closed Kitten Color Pu Boots Buckle Yellow AmoonyFashion Assorted past participle
panic panicking panicked
traffic trafficking trafficked
frolic Assorted Heels Yellow AmoonyFashion Toe Buckle Pu Closed Pointed Color Boots Women's Kitten frolicking frolicked
bivouac bivouacking bivouacked

Here’s an odd one to end:

Dichromatic with WeiPoot Closed Color Blend and Materials Women's Assorted Red Toe Boots Platform qwazBqZr4
American British English
parallel parallel
paralleling parallelling
paralleled parallelled
Yellow Heel LongFengMa Patchwork Lady Footwear Heels Ankle Wedge Women Sexy Fashion Heeled Sandals Strap Shoes High nYZfYrHwq5

Example:
The vetting service from Future Perfect is unparallelled.

Yellow Boots Women's AmoonyFashion Color Assorted Toe Heels Pointed Closed Pu Kitten Buckle vwqgpP Yellow Boots Women's AmoonyFashion Color Assorted Toe Heels Pointed Closed Pu Kitten Buckle vwqgpP Yellow Boots Women's AmoonyFashion Color Assorted Toe Heels Pointed Closed Pu Kitten Buckle vwqgpP